Drugs Causing Xerostomia or Dry Mouth

Xerostomia or Dry Mouth: It is a decrease in the amount of saliva secreted which leads to dryness of the oral cavity. We cannot call Xerostomia as a Disease or Condition but it should be termed as a Symptom for an underlying disease.

Xerostomia – Dry mouth has many causes and identifying the exact cause is a difficult task – For a detailed list Causes of Xerostomia.

Here we have given a list of Drugs which lead to Xerostomia as they affect the salivary gland section:

  1. Anticholinergics
  2. Antidepressants
  3. Antipsychotics
  4. Appetite suppressants
  5. Atropinics
  6. Alpha receptors antagonists for treatment of urinary retention
  7. Muscarinic receptor antagonists for treatment of overactive bladder
  8. Protease inhibitors
  9. Radioiodine

When Xerostomia is caused due to drugs it can easily be resolved by stopping the causative drug and replacing it under the supervision of the respective Physicians. The other precautions which should be taken in case of Xerostomia are Prevention of Caries, increasing saliva flow and regular wetting of oral cavity with water till the symptom subsides.

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