Definitions Archive

Oral Submucous Fibrosis

Definition of Oral Precancerous Condition: A generalised pathological state of the oral mucosa associated with a significantly increased risk of cancer. Oral Submucous Fibrosis: a chronic debilitating disease of the oral cavity characterized by inflammation and progressive fibrosis of the sub mucosal tissues. Clinical Features: Early OSF-Prodromal symptoms: Burning sensation in the mouth on consuming spicy food, ...Read More

Causes of a Toothache

Toothache which many do not know is the most painful among all the pains in the human body, the excruciating pain makes life hell. Toothache: It is also know and Odontalgia ( Odonto-Tooth, Algia-Pain ) , it means pain in the tooth. Most of the times the cause of the pain is ...Read More


Dilaceration is the anamolie in the tooth shape and its structure and it refers to a sharp bend in the tooth which can be in the crown portion or in the root, making sharp angles at the junction of the crown and root. The abnormal Angulation may be present anywhere along the ...Read More


“Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of damage. and we can say that pain is always a subjective sensation and is always unpleasant”. Pain is not necessarily associated with ongoing tissue damage, it is a subjective experience and has ...Read More

Xerostomia – Dry mouth

Xerostomia, more commonly known as dry mouth, is not a disease in itself. Rather, it is a symptom of many other diseases and conditions. These conditions cause saliva production to decrease or stop. Saliva moistens your mouth and helps you to swallow and taste food. It also is a natural cavity fighter. ...Read More


It is the negative replica of the structures of the oral cavity be it hard(tooth) or soft(gingiva, mucous membrane) structures, which are used to fabricate the cast or model of the patient, and for making crowns, dentures, and other prosthesis. Materials used for taking Impression: The most commonly used material is Zinc ...Read More


Definition of Mastication: Rhythmic opposition & separation of jaws with the involvement of teeth, lips, cheeks & tongue for chewing of food in order to prepare it for swallowing & digestion.  In simple terms we can describe it as “Grinding of Food into smaller particles to help is easier digestion with the ...Read More

Reasons for Erosion

Tooth Erosion and Abrasion are terms which refer to the loss of external tooth structure(enamel), but erosion means loss of the tooth structure by means of chemical agents and abrasion due to mechanical friction of the tooth structure with any external agent. Erosion: Tooth erosion is referred to as the loss of ...Read More

Oral Thrush also known as Candidiasis

Oral Thrush or Candidiasis what is it: Oral thrush is a fungal infection, which targets the mucous membrane in the oral cavity, it is caused by the fungus ‘candida albicans’ when this bacteria infiltrates into the oral mucosal layers. It is seen in babies as well as adults. How does one acquire ...Read More

Edentulous mouth

This condition is also called as Edentulism. This is a condition where there are no teeth left in the oral cavity and all the teeth have fallen. In this condition there will be great difficulty for the patient to chew any kind of hard food as the mucous membrane of alveolar ridge ...Read More

Permanent teeth

Permanent teeth are the set of teeth which replace the Deciduous teeth, the permanent teeth are more in number and are comparatively larger than the deciduous teeth. These are called the Permanent teeth because these are the last teeth to erupt and there will be no new growth of teeth in the ...Read More

Deciduous Teeth

Deciduous teeth also known as the Milk teeth are the set of teeth present in children. These teeth are present upto the age of 12 in most of the children but can vary in some individuals, There are mainly 5 teeth in each Quadrant in the oral cavity. The teeth missing are ...Read More

Dental Pain

Dental pain is the main reason why a patient comes to a doctor especially a dentist because the dental pain is the worst pain of the lot. Predisposing factors: Dental pain is can be caused due to many reasons regarding the parts surrounding the mouth like the jaws and teeth, but the ...Read More

Dental Arches

I – Maxillary dental arch II – Mandibular Dental Arch Dental Arches: The bones, soft tissue aggregates in our oral cavity which form an arc like form to support the teeth of our oral cavity.  Mouth is divided into 2 Arches Mandibular & Maxillary arches. Maxillary dental arch: The bigger arch of the 2 arches, it ...Read More