General Medicine Archive

Antifungal and Antiviral Drugs for Oral or Dental Lesions

Most common Fungal infection of the Oral cavity is Candidiasis, other non-candidial fungal infections seen in the Oral cavity are mycoses, aspergillosis, cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, blastomycosis, paracoccidioidomycosis, oral geotrichosis, zygomycosis or mucormycosis, fusariosis and Phodotorula infection. Patients with impaired immune competence (HIV, tumors, leuemia, transplants etc) are most prone to Fungal infections. Viral infections of the [&hellip

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What are the causes of Swollen Taste Buds and Papillae

Taste buds are cells located on the surface of the Tongue to help in taste perception. The taste buds are located on the Papillae of Tongue (Fungiform Papillae, inner walls of the trough surrounding the vallate papilla, folds of foliate papillae and the posterior surface of epiglottis). The taste buds are located on the upper [&hellip

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Oral Signs and Symptoms of Anemia due to Iron Deficiency

Anemia caused due to Iron Deficiency which is caused due to blood loss has many Oral signs and symptoms and it is important to a dentist to identify these and act accordingly. Iron deficiency Anemia is the most common type of anemia which affects approximately 30% of the world’s population. It can be due to [&hellip

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Osteogenesis Imperfecta – Clinical Features, Types, Radiographic Features, Treatment Plan

Osteogenesis Imperfecta: It represents the most common type of inherited bone disease. Abnormal collagenous maturation results in bone with a thin Cortex, fine trabeculation and diffuse osteoporosis. In patients suffering with Osteogenesis Imperfecta upon fracture healing will occur but will be associated with an exuberant callus formation in the fractured area. Definition: It is a [&hellip

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Commonly Used Anti Fungal Medications, Indications, Dosage, Adverse effects and Drug Interactions

Fungal Diseases are commonly caused and spread through Fungal spores, these are most commonly Localized and can become Systemic often. Fungal Diseases like Candidiasis, Histoplasmosis, Blastomycosis, Coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever), Cryptococcosis, Aspergillosis, Zygomycosis, Toxoplasmosis are the various types of fungal diseases which show Systemic and Localized Oral features in patients affected by it. Fungal infections are [&hellip

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What is Tonsillitis – Clinical Features and Treatment

Tonsillitis simply means – Inflammation of the Tonsils. Before we understand what tonsillitis is we need to know what Tonsils are and their functions. Tonsils are Simple Lumps or Balls of Lymphatic Tissue in the Back of the Oral Cavity on either side of the back of the tongue. Tonsils like other Lymph Nodes help [&hellip

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Oral Manifestations of AIDS or Hiv

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or Human Immunodeficiency Virus has some major Oral Manifestations which are very important in its Diagnosis. We all know that HIV remains silent without any Signs or Symptoms except persistent Generalized Lymphadenopathy, which is present for longer than 3 months time and involves 2 or more extra lingual sites. Most frequently involved [&hellip

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List of Bones of the Body or Skeleton

Bones of the Body are numbered 206 in a Adult Human Being. As a Dental/Medical Student it is important to remember each and every bone of the body. The Photo in this post will help you in remembering all the 206 bones of the Adult Human Skeleton in a very easy way. Number of Bones in Human [&hellip

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TNM Stages of Cancer Classification

Cancer is most simply described as the uncontrolled division of cells which are not normal in a certain part of the body which later on increases in size and then spreads to various other parts of the body by a process called as Metastasis. A localized tumor or lesion is easy to treat compared to [&hellip

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TMJ Ankylosis – Aetiopatholoy and Causes

Aetiopathology of TMJ Ankylosis is a very vast subject as there can be many direct and indirect causes here we are going to discuss the various Aetiological and pathological causes of TMJ Ankylosis TMJ Ankylosis is the Decrease in mobility of the Temporo mandibular joint either uni lateral or bi lateral which is caused by [&hellip

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Drugs causing Taste Disorders – Hypogeusia, Ageusia, Dysgeusia

What is Taste: Taste is the perception of the Taste buds containing taste receptors in the Papilla present on the surface of the tongue, which is transmitted to the brain through nerves. The cells which perceive taste are called taste cells or gustatory cells. Here i want to disapprove a common misconception that different types [&hellip

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Drugs Causing Salivary Gland Discoloration, Swelling, Sialorrhoea and Hypersalivation

Salivary Glands are Exocrine Glands which are affected by many Drugs, these drugs affect their function, secretion and Size of the Glands in general or affect Specific Gland. In many cases we see that even in the absense of medication some patients suffer from lack of or Excess saliva secretion and this should be considered [&hellip

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Drugs Causing Xerostomia or Dry Mouth

Xerostomia or Dry Mouth: It is a decrease in the amount of saliva secreted which leads to dryness of the oral cavity. We cannot call Xerostomia as a Disease or Condition but it should be termed as a Symptom for an underlying disease. As Dry Mouth is caused by an underlying medical condition it leads [&hellip

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Drugs Causing Erythema Multiforme

Erythema Multiforme: It is a Hypersensitivity Skin reaction which is caused due to the deposition of immune complex Immunoglobulins IgM in the superficial Blood vessels of the Skin and Oral Mucous membrane. Erythema Multiforme is divided into E.M Minor and E.M Major and is distinct from Steven Johnsons Syndrome. Most common sites for the mucosal [&hellip

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