Oral medicine and radiology Archive

Mouth Breathing – Definition, Classification, Diagnosis and Treatment

Mouth Breathing is a Habit which is not normal, as a Habit is defined as a methodical way in which mind and body act as a result of frequent repetition of a certain definite sets of nervous impulses. Mouth Breathing has been defined by Sassouni ad Merle. Chacker FM (1961): It is a prolonged or [&hellip

Read More…

Composition of Saliva, Types and their Function

Saliva is what keeps the oral cavity moist protecting the teeth, oral mucosa, etc by maintaining and preserving the oral health. We know how important Composition of Saliva is to Oral health when the quality and quantity of saliva reduces leading to complications such as Dry mouth, increase in caries, gingival inflammation. We all know [&hellip

Read More…

Bruxism – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment (Night or Day Grinding)

What is Bruxism? Definition: According to AAOFP bruxism is a diurnal or nocturnal parafunctional activity including clenching, bracing, gnashing and grinding of the teeth. Ramfjord 1996: As a habitual grinding of teeth where individual is not chewing or swallowing. Rubina 1986: Indicates a nonfunctional contact of teeth which may include clenching, gnashing, grinding and tapping [&hellip

Read More…

Classification of Desensitizing Agents used in management of Dentin Hypersensitivity

Dentinal Hypersensitivity is one of the most common condition for which a patient visits a Dental clinic for, the most common cause of Hypersensitivity is exposed dentinal surfaces which can be due to many reasons. Although Hypersensitivity is seen more in elder patients due to their age related loss of Enamel surface, it can affect [&hellip

Read More…

Radiographic features of disease of Maxillary Sinus

The Maxillary Sinus is largest of all the Sinuses and is located in the maxilla. The air filled cavity is lined by pseudo stratified columnar epithelium. The Maxillary sinus is pyramidal in shape, Boundaries of Maxillary sinus are the Medial wall is formed by the lateral wall of nasal cavity, the roof is formed by [&hellip

Read More…

Faulty Radiographs due to Faulty Processing Techniques

Faults in Radiographs can render them useless for their main purpose of helping in Diagnosis, these are called as non diagnostic radiographs as they do not provide any information or detail to get a diagnosis. A Radiograph to be useful for Diagnostic purpose should have proper dimensions replicating the size of the object being X-rayed, [&hellip

Read More…

Dosimetry in Radiology – Devices used to measure Radiation Exposure

Dosimetry: It is the determination or measurement of the amount of Radiation Exposure or dose in Diagnostic radiology for Medical or Dental purpose. With the increase in the number of Diagnostic tests which are quite helpful in Diagnosis are found to be equally harmful. There are studies linking excess exposure to X-ray Radiation and cancers [&hellip

Read More…

Panoramic Radiography – Uses, Disadvantages and Structures visible in OPG

Panoramic Radiography is the technique used to record or examine both the Maxillary and Mandibular arches along with certain surrounding structures in a single radio graph. As the term Panorama means any wide-angle view or representation, a Panoramic Radiograph helps in getting a wide angle view of both the arches. It is termed as Rotational [&hellip

Read More…

What is Retromolar Trigone – Anatomy, Boundaries and Importance

Retromolar Trigone (rTR) is the Gingiva or mucosa covering the alveolar ridge posterior to the last Mandibular molar overlying the ramus of the mandible and is defined as a Roughly triangular space

Read More…

Types of Dental Pain – Pulpal, Odontogenic, Periodontal, Myofacial and Cardiac Toothache

Pain is defined as “A more or less localized sensation of discomfort, distress or agony resulting from the stimulation of nerve endings” by Dorland’s medical dictionary. According to the Association for the study of Pain (IASP), Pain is defined as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described [&hellip

Read More…

TMJ Ankylosis – Types, Classification, Aetiology, Diagnosis, Clinical Features and Treatment

Ankylosis in general means immobility of a joint due to any reason, TMJ ankylosis is immobility of the Mandible due to reasons such as trauma, infection, disease, failed surgery, Rheumatoid arthritis and most common being congenital. Temporomandibular Joint is a complex structure that helps in the movement of the mandible with the help of Ligaments [&hellip

Read More…

Local Anesthesia Toxicity – Signs & Symptoms and Management

Local Anesthesia is the most commonly used medication in dentistry to provide anesthesia or pain control for most dental procedures involving teeth, gums and supporting soft tissue. But like any medication there are chances of toxicity to local anesthetic if the correct dosage is not administered. It is always recommended to calculate the Dosage of [&hellip

Read More…

Enlargement of Lymph Nodes and their related Dental Conditions

Lymphatic System comprises of Lymph nodes in the Facial region which are related to the Oral cavity and are enlarged due to infection of the particular region. Palpation of Lymph nodes helps in Provisional Diagnosis of oral conditions. The Lymph nodes should be checked for tenderness, mobility, enlargement and consistency while performing a Examination. Facial [&hellip

Read More…

How to differentiate between Acute Alveolar Abscess and Periodontal Abscess

Acute apical abscess is also known as Acute alveolar abscess which is the localized collection of pus in the alveolar bone at the root apex of the affected tooth. It is caused when the infection extends through the apical foramen into the peri-radicular tissue. Periodontal Abscess is caused due to impaction of foreign body in [&hellip

Read More…