Oral medicine and radiology Archive

Antibiotic Use in Dentistry – Guidelines, Indications and Contraindications

Antibiotic is a Greek word – “Anti” meaning ‘against’ and “Bios” meaning ‘life’ Antibiotics are being used in Dentistry from a very long time. And as we have seen in the recent past overuse or improper use of these antibiotics, antiviral and antimicrobial drugs there have been instances of an appearance of Super Bug which ...Read More

Dental Problems in Diabetes Mellitus | Oral Manifestations of Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus  is a metabolic disorder characterized by relative or absolute insufficiency of insulin and disturbances of carbohydrate metabolism. WHY Diabetes happens:Diabetes Mellitus occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use tht insulin it produces. Cells use glucose and body needs insulin  a hormone ...Read More

Recurrent Apthous Stomatitis

Definition of Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis: A common oral disease characterized by the development of painful, recurring solitary or multiple ulcerations of the oral mucosa. Synonyms: Aphthous ulcers Aphthae Canker sores Etiology of Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis: Bacterial infection – L form of streptococci – streptococcus sanguis – immunologic hypersensitivity reaction to L form ...Read More

A 20 Min Test to Detect Oral Cancer on its way

Researchers from the University of Sheffield in the United Kingdom and researchers from Rice University are working on a mode of Diagnosis for Oral cancer which will minimize the amount of time taken for the diagnosis of Oral Cancer, to as low as 20 mins. Procedure: The Dentist himself will collect Stem ...Read More

Focal Epithelial Hyperplasia

Definition: A cutaneous condition characterized by multiple papillary or sessile areas of the oral mucosa and white to pinkish papules that occur diffusely in the oral cavity. It is caused by the human papilloma virus types 13 and 32. Synonyms – Heck’s Disease, Multifocal papilloma Etiology: HPV – 13 & 32 Recently ...Read More

Gingival Cyst of Adults and Newborn

Gingival Cyst is a small superficial cyst which is found in the alveolar mucosa, and as the name suggests it does not involve the alveolar bone. Gingival cysts are of 2 types: Gingival (Alveolar) Cyst of Newborn Gingival cyst of the Adult Gingival (Alveolar) Cyst of the Newborn: Gingival cyst of the ...Read More

Primordial Cyst

Definition of Primordial Cyst: A Odontogenic cyst developing from the stellate reticulum which is formed in place of a tooth. Etiology: Develops through liquefaction and cystic degeneration of stellate reticulum of enamel organ before any calcified enamel or dentine is formed. Usually it may develop from a normal tooth germ, which may ...Read More

Classification of Cysts of Jaw

Cysts in the Jaws are very common occurrence when compared to any other part of the body, as the cysts are of varied types the classifications given by various scientists is also very helpful to divide each cyst based on it origin and its clinical presentation. Based on classification we can also ...Read More

Fordyce Granules or Fordyce Spots

Definition: Fordyce granules or spots is a collection of sebaceous glands that occur in various locations in the oral cavity. Synonyms: Fordyce Spots, Fordyce Disease Etiology: Inclusion of ectoderm having potentialities of skin in the oral cavity during development of maxilla & mandible- embryonic life Differential Diagnosis: Sebaceous Hyperplasia Epidermoid cyst Dermoid ...Read More

Fascial Spaces of Head and Neck region

Fascial Space is portion of anatomy that is partially or completely walled by fascial membrane. Fascial area are potential areas between layers of fascia. Fascial space areas are filled normally with loose connective tissue which readily breakdown when invaded by infection, leading to large swelling. Fascial space infections are the most common ...Read More

What are the 13 Blood Coagulation Factors

Blood Coagulation Factors are  the natural coagulants which maintain the flow of blood in the body and also make sure coagulation takes place in case of any injury. Factor I = Fibrinogen Factor II = Prothrombin Factor III = Tissue Thromboplastin Factor IV = Calcium Factor V = Proaccelerin, Labile factor Factor ...Read More

Dental Caries GV Black Classification of Carious Lesions

Definition: Dental Caries is an irreversible microbial disease of the calcified tissues of the teeth, characterized by de-mineralization of the inorganic portion and destruction of the organic substance of the tooth. Dental Caries is the result of the formation of dental plaque which harbors bacteria which in turn ferment carbohydrates available in ...Read More

Operator Position, Patient Position and Chair Height in Dentistry

Operator Positions in Oral surgery is a very important aspect in the success of your Dental treatment. The correct positioning of the operator is very important to help the Operator or Doctor to have good Visibility and Accessibility of the Oral cavity.  Proper positioning of the patient and the operator, illumination and retraction ...Read More

Dentigerous Cyst

Definition:  An Odontogenic cyst that surrounds the crown of impacted tooth, caused by fluid accumulation between the reduced enamel epithelium and the enamel surface, resulting in a cyst in which the crown is located within the lumen. This is the most common developmental Odontogenic cyst. Synonms: Follicular Cyst Etiology: Develops by accumulation ...Read More