Oral medicine and radiology Archive

Minor Salivary Glands Types, Location, and Function

Minor Salivary Glands: There are over 600 minor salivary glands in the Oral Cavity. They are of 2 Types: Mucous Producing Minor Salivary Glands Serous Fluid Producing Minor Salivary Glands Location Of Minor Salivary Glands: Minor salivary glands are found in large numbers on the Cheeks on all side of the Oral ...Read More

Dry Socket Pictures | Pictures of Alveolar Osteitis

Dry Socket is a very painful condition which is a result of dislodgement of the blood clot 2-3 days after extraction. This leads to exposure of the bone which is the cause of the pain. Dry socket leads to radiating pain which can be felt at the site, extraorally as well with ...Read More

Macrodontia – Developmental Disturbances of Teeth

Definition: Microdontia is a condition in which any tooth or taeeth appear larger than normal for that particular type of tooth. Classification Of Macrodontia: True Generalized Macrodontia Relative Generalized Macrodontia Single Tooth Macrodontia True Generalized Microdontia: All teeth are larger than normal. It is extremely Rare Seen in cases of Pituitary Gigantism ...Read More

Types of Caries and their Causative Organisms

Dental Caries as described earlier is an irreversible microbial disease of the calcified tissues of the teeth, characterized by de-mineralization of the inorganic portion and destruction of the organic substance of the tooth. Caries when translated in Latin means ‘rot’ or ‘decay’ and Dental Caries means rotten or decayed teeth. Dental Caries ...Read More


Definition: It is a autosomal dominant fibro-osseous  benign hereditary condition which affects only the jaw bones and it is characterized by “bilaterally symmetrical enlargement” of mandible sometimes maxilla. Pathogenesis: Cherubism is a hereditary disease which is histologically similar to Central Giant cell granuloma occurs due to the following reasons: Differential Diagnosis: Giant ...Read More

Verrucous Carcinoma

Verrucous Carcinoma Definition: Verrucous Carcinoma is a diffuse papillary, non metastasizing, well differentiated malignant neoplasm of the oral epithelium. Synonyms: Ackerman’s tumor. Etiology: Tobacco Chewing Snuff dipping habits – Moistened smokeless tobacco Clinical Features: Age: Above 60 yrs Sex: Males > Females Site/Location: Most common: Gingiva, alveloar mucosa and buccal mucosa Less ...Read More


Leukoedema: Abnormality of the Buccal Mucosa which clinically resembles Leukoplakia . Differential Diagnosis: White spongy Nevus Frictional Keratosis Witkop’s Disease Clinical Features: Early stage: Filmy opalescence of the mucosa Later stages: Grayish-white cast with a coarsely wrinkled surface Location: Most of buccal mucosa extending onto the Lips, Seen noticeable along the occlusal ...Read More

Oral Submucous Fibrosis

Definition of Oral Precancerous Condition: A generalised pathological state of the oral mucosa associated with a significantly increased risk of cancer. Oral Submucous Fibrosis: a chronic debilitating disease of the oral cavity characterized by inflammation and progressive fibrosis of the sub mucosal tissues. Clinical Features: Early OSF-Prodromal symptoms: Burning sensation in the mouth on consuming spicy food, ...Read More

Different Types & Sizes of X-Ray films – Dentistry

Dental Xrays are one of the most important part of a successful dental treatment, any dental treatment starts from Diagnosis of the present problem or condition. As a Dentist after hearing the chief complaint of the patient we get a minimum of two to three conditions in mind leading to Differential Diagnosis. ...Read More

Properties Of X-Ray

X-Rays are defined as a weightless package of pure energy (Photon) that are without electrical charge and that travel in waves along a straight line with a specific frequency and speed. X-rays were first produced by Sir William Morgan unknowingly while conducting one of his experiments. The first dentist to practice radiography in ...Read More

Primary and Secondary Lesions of the Oral cavity

Primary Lesions: Macule Papule Nodule Vesicles Bullar tumors Wheals Secondary Lesions: Erosions Ulcers Fissures Desqumations (excoriations) Primary lesions of Oral Cavity: MACULE: Well circumscribed flat lesions that are noticeable due to the change in color of Skin or Mucosa. Red- Inflamation Pigmented- Melanin, Haemosiderin, foreign material. Ex: Melanotic Macule PAPULES: These are ...Read More

Dental Case History – General Information

Definition of Case history: The collection of data concerning an individual, their family, and environment, including the medical history, dental history and any other information that may be useful in analyzing and diagnosing the condition or for instructional or research purposes. This includes all the general information of the Patient. General Information ...Read More

Case History for Dental Students

Case history is an important and integral part of Treatment, a treatment of a disease or a condition satrts with it’s proper diagnosis and this can be done sucessfully only by taking down a proper Case History. It is very important to take a proper case history which will further lead to ...Read More


Keratoacanthoma is a self limiting, epithelial prolieration with a strong clinical and histopathologic similarity to well differentiated squamous carcinoma. Some consider it as a  Cutaneous lesion presumably arise from the infundibulum of hair follicles. Intra Oral lesions are rare but have been seen. It is a common low grade malignancy that origanates ...Read More