Oral Pathology Archive

Eruption Cyst or Hematoma Clinical Features, Diagnosis and Treatment

Eruption cyst or Eruption Hematoma: As the name suggests the Cysts is seen in Erupting Teeth in children below the Age of 10 and mostly associated with Permanent 1st Molars and then the Maxillary Incisors. It is mainly caused when the gingiva or Epithelium covering the tooth is thick. It is painful and can be [&hellip

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Drugs or Medicines causing Drug Induced Gingival Enlargement

Gingival Enlargement is a term used to describe Gingival Hypertrophy or Gingival Hyperplasia which is a proliferative fibrous lesion of the Gingiva which causes esthetic and functional concerns to the patient. Drug induced Gingival enlargement is a chronic condition where prolonged use of certain Drugs or medicines leads to Gingival enlargement as aside effect. Due [&hellip

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What is Tonsillitis – Clinical Features and Treatment

Tonsillitis simply means – Inflammation of the Tonsils. Before we understand what tonsillitis is we need to know what Tonsils are and their functions. Tonsils are Simple Lumps or Balls of Lymphatic Tissue in the Back of the Oral Cavity on either side of the back of the tongue. Tonsils like other Lymph Nodes help [&hellip

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Oral Manifestations of AIDS or Hiv

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or Human Immunodeficiency Virus has some major Oral Manifestations which are very important in its Diagnosis. We all know that HIV remains silent without any Signs or Symptoms except persistent Generalized Lymphadenopathy, which is present for longer than 3 months time and involves 2 or more extra lingual sites. Most frequently involved [&hellip

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Oral or Dental Fibroma – Clinical, Histological Features and Treatment

Oral or Dental Fibroma is the most common “Tumor” of the Oral cavity. It is not a true neoplasm but it is a reactive hyperplasia of fibrous connective tissue in response to local irritation or Trauma. Oral Fibroma should be diagnosed properly because certain benign and Malignant Neoplasms also mimic Fibromas in appearance. Hence before [&hellip

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Histologic or Microscopic Features of Dentigerous Cyst

Dentigerous cyst is a developmental Odontogenic cyst that is formed by expansion of dental follicle and therefore always attached to the neck of an impacted or Unerupted tooth. Initially this lesion is asymptomatic, other than a clinically missing tooth. In later stages the cyst causes Bony Expansion and displacement of teeth and pain if infected.  [&hellip

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Histologic or Microscopic Features of Odontogenic Keratocyst

It is a developmental Odontogenic Cyst that has characteristic histological features and high rate of recurrence. Initially these lesions are asymptomatic and do not produce any symptoms until the size of the lesion increases and overlap on the adjacent structures. Symptoms of Odontogenic Keratocyst includes Swelling of Jaw, Displacement of Teeth, Pain if Secondarily infected [&hellip

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Oral Leukoplakia Classification and Staging System

Oral Leukoplakia: It is defined as a predominantly white lesion of the oral mucosa which cannot be characterized as any other definable white lesion. Floor of the mouth is the are with worst prognosis followed by the tongue and  then Lips. About 50% of the lesions in floor of the mouth show features of epithelial [&hellip

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What are the Supporting Cells of Taste Buds

Taste Buds are the cells or group of cells which help in taste perception. The location of Taste buds is mainly on the inner walls of the trough surrounding the vallate papilla, in the folds of the foliate papillae, on the posterior surface of epiglottis, and on some of the fungiform papillae at the tip [&hellip

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What are the Predominant Micro Organisms in various parts of the Oral Cavity

Oral cavity supposedly contains the maximum number of micro organisms compared to any part of the Human Body. There are both Harmful and Beneficial Micro organisms in the Oral cavity, Aerobic (or) Anaerobic, Gram (+ve) or Gram (-ve) etc. Solet us look at the list of micro organisms seen in the oral cavity based on [&hellip

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Rare Impaction of 3rd Molar between Roots of Adjacent tooth

Here are some images of Impacted teeth which are very Rare and we do not know whether they are Developmental Disturbances or Impacted Teeth. There are many types of Wisdom teeth Impactions depending on various factors which aid in its classification. Various authors have classified Wisdom Teeth like Archer, Pell and Gregory, Winters classification etc. [&hellip

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What is Talons Cusp – Rare Facial Talons Cusp

Talons Cusp: It is an Accessory cusp seen in the Cingulum area of the Incissors and Canines of both Maxillary and Mandibular teeth. It is named as Talons Cusp because it resembles the Talon of an Eagle. A deep developmental groove present where the cusp joins the lingual portion of the tooth. It is considered [&hellip

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List of Autosomal Dominant and Recessive Disorders

Autosomal dominant and recessive disorders play a major role in determining the transfer of disease from parents to children. What is Autosomal Dominant? If the disorder is Autosomal dominant only one infected gene from any one parent is enough to cause the disease in the child. What is Autosomal Recessive ? If the disorder is [&hellip

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Teeth involved in various types of Space infections and Space infection caused by Nerve Blocks

Space infection is infection spreading to the Facial Spaces in the head and neck region from one or many teeth infected. The Fascial spaces are filled with Loose Connective tissue readily breakdown in presence of even little amount of infection and a huge swelling can be seen. The List of Fascial Spaces and their Boundries [&hellip

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