Pedodontics Archive

What are the Micro organisms found in a Failed Endodontic Treated tooth with Apical Pathology or Apical Periodontitis

An Endodontic Treated tooth with Post operative Apical Periodontitis often is a result of improper BMP during Root Canal Treatment. Only a small number of species of micro organisms have been found in the root canals of  properly endodonticaly treated teeth which in follow up revealed a persisting Asymptomatic periapical radiolucencies. So in case of [&hellip

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Types of Bevels and their Uses in Tooth or Cavity Preperation

What is a Bevel ? Bevels are the angulation which is made by 2 surfaces of a prepared tooth which is other than 90 degrees. Bevels are given at various angles depending on the type of material used for restoration and the purpose the material serves. Definition of Bevel: “Any abrupt incline between the 2 [&hellip

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Green and Orange Stains on Teeth Due to Chromogenic Bacteria

Chromogenic Bacteria cause Yellow/Green/Orange stains on the teeth in children. The Stains can be seen in Newly erupted teeth as well. We can see in the image that the incisal edges of the teeth are Green and the middle third of the teeth is Stained Black. Green color is due to the Chromogenic Bacteria and [&hellip

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What are Radix Entomolaris and Radix Paramolaris

Definition of Radix Entomolaris: The presence of an additional Distolingual root in mandibular molars is known as the Radix Entomolaris. the extra root is on the lingual side of the roots. Definition of Radix Paramolaris: The presence of an additional Distobuccal root in mandibular molars is known as the Radix Entomolaris. The extra root is [&hellip

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Abnormalities in physiologic stages of tooth development

Tooth development is divided into 4 stages based on physiological process of tooth growth: Initiation: It is a part of Bud Stage. For Initiation Epithelial Ectomesenchymal interactions are essential. Initiation is the first step in the development of tooth. Each tooth has its own initiation time and it is not know how this time is [&hellip

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Differences and Similarities between Natal Teeth and Neonatal Teeth

Both Natal and Neonatal teeth are anomalies and not normal. The difference between the natal and neonatal teeth is mainly due to the presence or absence of each type at birth. Both of these conditions are a type of premature eruption. Natal and Neonatal teeth are also called as “Baby Teeth” and “Aberrant Nodules” Main Difference: Natal [&hellip

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Caries Susceptibility of Primary and Permanent Teeth

Dental Caries is an irreversible microbial disease of the calcified tissues of the teeth, characterized by de-mineralization of the inorganic portion and destruction of the organic substance of the tooth. Both Primary and permanent teeth are susceptible to caries. And we are going to see the decreasing order in which teeth are affected with caries separately in both [&hellip

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Crystal Forms in Calculus – Supragingival and Subgingival Calculus

Calculus is composed of 70-80 % of Inorganic component which is mainly Crystalline in Structure. The four main crystal forms and their percentages are as follows: Hydroxyapatite: 58% Magnesium Whitlockite: 21% Octacalcium Phosphate: 12% Brushite: 9% Generally, 2 or more crystal forms are typically in a sample of calculus. Hydroxyapatite and Octacalcium Phosphate are detected [&hellip

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Scientists contribution in the field of Pedodontics

Pedodontics or Pediatric Dentistry: It is a branch of dentistry which deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of dental conditions in Deciduous and Permanent teeth in children and adolescents. Any branch of dentistry is an aggregation of contributions from various scientists in various aspects of dental treatment procedures and techniques which help in enhancement [&hellip

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Self Correcting Anomalies in Dentistry

Self correcting anomalies are termed as Transient malocclusion, these are not true malocclusion’s but mimic malocclusion during the normal development of dentition and occlusion. they do not need any corrective measures but get corrected themselves as they pass through the developmental stages . Self correcting Anomalies are classified based on the stages of tooth development [&hellip

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History and Evolution of Pit and Fissure Sealents

Definition of Pit and Fissure and Sealents: A material that is introduced into the occlusal pit and fissure of caries susceptible teeth, thus forming a micromechanically–bonded, protective layer cutting access of caries producing bacteria from their source of nutrients. History and Evolution of Pit and Fissure Sealents 1922– “PROPHYLACTIC ODONTOTOMY”-HYATT 1939– Gore – use of [&hellip

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Dental Caries GV Black Classification of Carious Lesions

Definition: Dental Caries is an irreversible microbial disease of the calcified tissues of the teeth, characterized by de-mineralization of the inorganic portion and destruction of the organic substance of the tooth. Dental Caries is the result of the formation of dental plaque which harbors bacteria which in turn ferment carbohydrates available in daily food producing [&hellip

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Tooth Avulsion – Exarticulation of Tooth

Definition: Displacement of tooth totally out of the socket. Some Facts about Avulsion: Ranges from 0.5 -16% of injuries in the permanent dentition 7-13% in the primary dentition Occurs most often in 7-9 yrs of age. Etiology:  Fights Sports injuries Falls against hard objects Accidents Most Frequently Affected areas: Max. CI – Most affected. Lower [&hellip

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Gingiva

Gingiva: Gingiva is the soft tissue covering that surrounds the teeth consisting of fibrous tissue which is continuous with the periodontial ligament and the mucosa covering the teeth. Gingiva shows stiplling, which is its typical appearance and is known as stippled gingiva as seen in the above picture. The gingiva is a type of Masticatory [&hellip

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