Periodontology Archive

What are the Predominant Micro Organisms in various parts of the Oral Cavity

Oral cavity supposedly contains the maximum number of micro organisms compared to any part of the Human Body. There are both Harmful and Beneficial Micro organisms in the Oral cavity, Aerobic (or) Anaerobic, Gram (+ve) or Gram (-ve) etc. Solet us look at the list of micro organisms seen in the oral cavity based on [&hellip

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Drugs causing Taste Disorders – Hypogeusia, Ageusia, Dysgeusia

What is Taste: Taste is the perception of the Taste buds containing taste receptors in the Papilla present on the surface of the tongue, which is transmitted to the brain through nerves. The cells which perceive taste are called taste cells or gustatory cells. Here i want to disapprove a common misconception that different types [&hellip

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What are the Tissues Surrounding Dental Implant

Dental Implant is an Artificial structure used to replace a missing tooth with the help of Osseointegration. Dental Implant is placed in the desired position after making a hole in the Alveolar bone depicting the natural tooth. But the differences in Tissues surrounding the Natural tooth Root and the root portion of the Dental implant [&hellip

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Types of Suture material – Absorbable and Non Absorbable Suture material

Suture materials are used to bring together tissue or skin together in a wound or Surgical Laceration to aid in Healing of the wound. Suture materials are divided into various types based on: Absorbability Source Uni Filament or Multi Filament Type What are the Differences and Advantages and Disadvantages of Unifilament and Multifilament Sutures: Unifilament [&hellip

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What is Stippling of Gingiva and how is it formed and where it is seen

Stippling of Gingiva: Healthy gingiva presents a textured surface like that seen on the surface of an Orange Peel which is called as Stippled. It is also called as Alternate protuberances & depressions on gingival surface. Stippling was thought to indicate good gingival health, but it has since been shown that smooth gingiva is not an indication [&hellip

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Life History of Dental Plaque from Seconds to Weeks

Dental Plaque is defined as a BioFiolm of Structured Resilient Yellow Greyish substance that adheres to intra oral tooth surface or other hard surface in the oral cavity including removal and fixed restoration. Maximum accumulation of Plaque takes place in 21 days. Dental Pellicle forms within seconds after brushing. Initial plaque formation takes as long as 2 hours [&hellip

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Green and Orange Stains on Teeth Due to Chromogenic Bacteria

Chromogenic Bacteria cause Yellow/Green/Orange stains on the teeth in children. The Stains can be seen in Newly erupted teeth as well. We can see in the image that the incisal edges of the teeth are Green and the middle third of the teeth is Stained Black. Green color is due to the Chromogenic Bacteria and [&hellip

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Keratinized and Non Keratinized areas of Oral Mucousa in Oral Cavity

The outermost moist lining of the Oral cavity is called the Oral Mucosa. It has 3 main functions Protection, Sensation and Secretion. Oral Mucosa is continuous with the Skin but is entirely different in composition and structure due to the varied functions in the oral cavity. Based on the function the various areas of the oral cavity [&hellip

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Tooth Brushing techniques recommended in Periodontal disease

In case of any periodontal disease or periodontal treatment the dentist has to recommend the patient on how to brush, there are different type of tooth brushing techniques which are designed for specific function and to be used in specific conditions of periodontal disease. Here is the list of various Tooth Brushing techniques and their [&hellip

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Types of Periodontal probes and their Classification

Periodontal probes are the instruments designed for specific purpose of assessing the periodontal health with clinical techniques. Periodontal probes are used to measure, locate and mark the pockets and also determine their related to each tooth surface. Probe is a tapered, rod like instrument calibrated in millimeters with a tip, in case of periodontal probe [&hellip

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Effects of aging on periodontal ligament and supporting structures of teeth

Periodontal problems in old age is the most common reason for exfoliation of teeth. And Periodontal ligament and the supporting structures of the teeth are effected by increasing age in many ways. Here is a list of clinical and Histologic changes with increase in age. Gingival epithelium: Thining and decreases keratinization Increase in epithelial permeability [&hellip

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ANUG Classification by Horing and Cohen

ANUG or Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis is an inflammatory destructive disease of the gingiva which shows punched out, crate like depressions at the crest of the gingiva, covered by gray pseudo membranous slough which is demarcated from the remaining gingiva with a linear erythema. It is also called as Trench Mouth as ANUG was seen [&hellip

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Crystal Forms in Calculus – Supragingival and Subgingival Calculus

Calculus is composed of 70-80 % of Inorganic component which is mainly Crystalline in Structure. The four main crystal forms and their percentages are as follows: Hydroxyapatite: 58% Magnesium Whitlockite: 21% Octacalcium Phosphate: 12% Brushite: 9% Generally, 2 or more crystal forms are typically in a sample of calculus. Hydroxyapatite and Octacalcium Phosphate are detected [&hellip

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Differences between Fenestration and Dehiscence

Fenestration and Dehiscence are two similar conditions of Tooth which are similar due to bone loss around the tooth but are different by the type of bone loss or bone surrounding it. To understand the differences first let us know about What is Fenestration and What Dehiscence: Definition of Tooth Fenestration: Fenestration are Isolated areas [&hellip

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