Pharmacology Archive

Drugs or Medicines causing Drug Induced Gingival Enlargement

Gingival Enlargement is a term used to describe Gingival Hypertrophy or Gingival Hyperplasia which is a proliferative fibrous lesion of the Gingiva which causes esthetic and functional concerns to the patient. Drug induced Gingival enlargement is a chronic condition where prolonged use of certain Drugs or medicines leads to Gingival enlargement as ...Read More

Commonly Used Anti Fungal Medications, Indications, Dosage, Adverse effects and Drug Interactions

Fungal Diseases are commonly caused and spread through Fungal spores, these are most commonly Localized and can become Systemic often. Fungal Diseases like Candidiasis, Histoplasmosis, Blastomycosis, Coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever), Cryptococcosis, Aspergillosis, Zygomycosis, Toxoplasmosis are the various types of fungal diseases which show Systemic and Localized Oral features in patients affected by it. ...Read More

Drugs and Medicines causing Mucositis or Oral Burns

Mucositis: It is dose and rate limiting toxicity caused due to Cancer Therapy which is a painful and debilitating condition. Symptoms seen are Pain, Decrease in Oral and Pharyngeal function, Oral bleeding. Mucositis starts with an initial inflammatory epithelial and vascular phase. It starts with White patches on mucosa, caused by epithelial ...Read More

Drugs causing Taste Disorders – Hypogeusia, Ageusia, Dysgeusia

What is Taste: Taste is the perception of the Taste buds containing taste receptors in the Papilla present on the surface of the tongue, which is transmitted to the brain through nerves. The cells which perceive taste are called taste cells or gustatory cells. Here i want to disapprove a common misconception ...Read More

Drugs Causing Salivary Gland Discoloration, Swelling, Sialorrhoea and Hypersalivation

Salivary Glands are Exocrine Glands which are affected by many Drugs, these drugs affect their function, secretion and Size of the Glands in general or affect Specific Gland. In many cases we see that even in the absense of medication some patients suffer from lack of or Excess saliva secretion and this ...Read More

List of Prodrugs and their Active fomrs used in Dentistry and Medicine

Prodrug is an inactive form of drug which needs conversion in the body to one or more of its active metabolites. The metabolite form is the one which is active and is capable of producing the desired reaction. Advantages of Prodrug: It offers advantages over the active form in being more stable, ...Read More

Classification of Antibiotics based on their Mechanism of Action

Antibiotics are substances produced by micro organisms which suppress the growth of or destroy other micro organisms. It was Pasteur and Joubert who first identified that micro organisms could be used to destroy other micro organisms. We have to keep in mind about the mode of action on Bacteria which mostly affect the bacterial cell ...Read More