Gingivitis: It is the Pathological condition of the gingiva(soft tissue surrounding the tooth). It is caused by the bacteria which causes plaque. It is a type of Periodontial deisease.
Symptoms: Gingivitis is mainly seen with the following conditions
- Swollen gums
- Bleeding gums
- Normal hard pink gums turn to reddish soft
- Foul smeel starts emmiting from mouth
Theory behind Gingivitis: The symptoms seen in gingivitis is inflamatory response of our body towads the bacteria which have invaded the soft tissue, Macrophages are the main cells which act on these bacteria by increasing in number rapidly and engulfing the bacteria and killing them, which causes the gums to swell.
Preventing Gingivitis: As i always say “Prevention is better than Cure”
- Good oral hygiene
- Regular dental checkups
- Preventing plaque formation by doing regular brushing and flossing.