Apicoectomy: Definition: It is the cutting off, of the apical portion of the root and curettage of the periapical necrotic, granulomatous, inflammatory or cystic lesion. Synonym: Apical Surgery, Root Resection, Endodontic Surgery, Root Amputation Indications of Apicoectomy: Apical anamoly of root tip-dilacerations, intracanal calcifications Presence of lateral/accessory canal/apical region perforations Roots with broken instruments Root [&hellip