General Medicine, Physiology


Anemia is defined as the condition in which the level of Red Blood Cells (RBC)  or the Haemoglobing levels are below their normal values, sometimes it also includes the decrease in the ability of the RBS to carry Oxygen due to Deformity in shape (Sickle Cell Anemia) or due to decrease in number of the RBC’s.

Classification Of Anemia:

Based on Size:

  1. Macrocytic Anemia – Megaloblastic Anemias
  2. Normocytic Anemia – Aplastic Anemia, Posthemorrhagic Anemia
  3. Microcytic Anemia – Iron Deficiency Anemia, Sideroblastic Anemia, Anemia of chronic disease.


  1. Anemia is the most common disorder of the blood. The several kinds of anemia are produced by a variety of underlying causes. It can be classified in a variety of ways, based on the morphology of RBCs, underlying etiologic mechanisms, and discernible clinical spectra, to mention a few. The three main classes include excessive blood loss (acutely such as a hemorrhage or chronically through low-volume loss), excessive blood cell destruction (hemolysis) or deficient red blood cell production (ineffective hematopoiesis)…..^-

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