Oral medicine and radiology Archive

What are the Micro organisms seen in diseases and Normal Oral cavity

Oral cavity is a hub of micro organisms by default, there are huge number of bacteria in the oral cavity some of which are beneficial while some are harmful. The presence and increase of different types of bacteria in the oral cavity depends on the oral and general health of the person. ...Read More

How many days should you wait to smoke after Wisdom tooth Extraction

Smoking after a Wisdom tooth extraction or removal is strictly prohibited as most third molar extractions are traumatic and very less are simple extractions. Wisdom tooth removal can be required due to a lot of reasons, Impacted wisdom tooth (upper or lower), decay in the tooth, preventive extractions at an early age ...Read More

Frenum and Types or Classification of Frenal Attachments in Oral Cavity

Frenum: It is a thin fold of mucous membrane with enclosed muscle fibres that attach the lips to the alveolar mucosa and underlying periosteum. The Oral cavity has multiple Frenal attachments which are mainly of two types – Frenum and Frenulum (small frenum). In any normal oral cavity there are multiple frena ...Read More

Oral Manifestation or Signs and Symptoms of Vitamin Deficiency

Oral cavity is a screen for many underlying systemic conditions or diseases, many Doctors looks for oral symptoms to help in their diagnosis and your mouth acts as a screen or a pathway to diagnose Vitamin Deficiencies as well. There are many Vitamins which play a major role in normal functioning of ...Read More

Radiographic Film Faults and Artifacts in Dentistry

A good radiograph is an essential part of any Dental Diagnosis involving the hard tissue (Tooth or Bone) and getting an ideal radiograph is important to get a proper diagnosis. For an ideal Radiograph the following things should be satisfied – Good Density, Good Sharpness, Accurate positioning and Good Contrast, when all ...Read More

Radiation Mucositis – Causes, Clinical Features and Treatment

Radiation Mucositis is one of the most common side effects or complications resulting from radiation treatment in Head and Neck cancers. It results form Ionizing radiation induced cellular damage in basal epithelial cells of the oropharynx. The result is mucosal thinning and ulceration with susceptibility to infection. The condition can be diffusely ...Read More

Nicotine Stomatitis – Clinical, Histological Features and Treatment

Nicotine Stomatitis is a pathological change in mucosa of the Oral cavity caused due to cigar or pipe smoking which was very common in earlier days but has decreased in incidence with cigarette smoking. In Nicotine Stomatitis there is hyperkeratotic change in the oral mucosa caused due to heat produced from smoking ...Read More

List of Papillae of Tongue – Location and Histology

Papillae of Tongue are the tiny raised protrusions found on the surface of the tongue which house the taste buds which help in taste perception detecting taste elements such as salty, sour, sweet, bitter and umami. The papillae are of four types which differ in location and size of the papillae namely ...Read More

List of Acute and Chronic Infections of Oral Cavity

Oral Cavity or the Mandibular and Maxillary Jaws are affected by a lot of Acute and Chronic Infections which can occur due to various reasons and can be found in various locations in the Jaws. These infections are easy to treat in some cases and in some are difficult which is based ...Read More

A 9-year old boy with Hyperdontia has around 300 teeth

You know how bad it is when you start getting your third molar and if it is impacted or stuck in your jaw because of lack of space it is a nightmare. Now imagine having around 300 such teeth in your jaw, a 9-year old boy from Barangay Looc, Dumanjug, Cebu named ...Read More

Abfraction of Tooth

Abfraction lesion put in simple terms are notches or small cracks on the teeth caused due to natural flexing of the tooth caused by excessive forces. As the occlusal surface of the tooth is covered by Enamel and the bottom forces of the tooth is supported by Bone, on excessive forces the ...Read More

Oral Signs and Symptoms of Anemia due to Iron Deficiency

Anemia caused due to Iron Deficiency which is caused due to blood loss has many Oral signs and symptoms and it is important to a dentist to identify these and act accordingly. Iron deficiency Anemia is the most common type of anemia which affects approximately 30% of the world’s population. It can ...Read More

Root Caries – Classification, Causes, Clinical Features and Treatment

Caries is derived from a Latin Word which means “Rot” or “Decay” and in Greek it means “Ker” for “Death”. According to Ostrom (1980) has defined as a process of Enamel or Dentin dissolution which is caused by microbial action at the tooth surface and is mediated by physiochemical flow of water ...Read More

Angular Cheilitis – Definition, Clinical Features and Treatment

Angular cheilitis can be divided into two parts in which Angular meaning corner of the mouth and Cheilitis meaning inflammation of the lips which means inflammation of the corner of the lips. Synonyms for Angular Cheilitis: Angular Cheilosis, Perleche, Stomatitis Definition of Angular Stomatitis: It is a multi factorial disease affecting the ...Read More