Definition of Incision: It is a cut made through the body tissue or organ during surgical procedures.
The various types of Incisions are:
- Vertical releasing incisions – incisions should begin approximately at the buccal vestibule and end at the interdental papillae of the gingiva.
- Envelope incisions – Should be given at least 0.5 cm from the gingival sulcus – used in apicoectomies and removal of root tips
- Semi-lunar incisions – Should be given at least 0.5 cm from the gingival sulcus – used in apicoectomies and removal of root tips
- Elliptic incision – Comprises of two convex incisions joined at an acute angle at each end, and depth of the incision should be such that there is no tension when the wound margins are coapted and sutured later.
The instruments used for giving incision are:
Bard Parker Handle – In dentistry only BP handles No. 3 and No. 15 are used
Bard Parker Blade – These are Blades which are held in position by BP Handle to give incisions.
- N.o 10 – Making skin incisions
- N.o 11 – Making Stab Incisions for procedures like Abscess drainage
- N.o 12 – Mucogingival Procedures
- N.o 15 – Intraoral Surgery