Rhythmic opposition & separation of jaws with the involvement of teeth, lips, cheeks & tongue for chewing of food in order to prepare it for swallowing & digestion.
Mastication is also called as Chewing in common words.
Various parts involved:
- Lips / Cheeks
Functions Of Mastication:
Increases surface area for action of enzymes
Stimulates mucosal circulation & keratinisation of mucosa
Increases thickness of periodontal ligament
Stimulates alveolar bone growth
For detailed information on mastication, click on the following Heading to be directed to the detailed post:
- Masticatory Forces
- Masticatory muscles
- Masticatory Cycle Phases
- Neural Masticatory Receptors
- Neural Control of Mastication
- Masticatory Reflexes