Oral medicine and radiology Archive

Oral Leukoplakia Classification and Staging System

Oral Leukoplakia: It is defined as a predominantly white lesion of the oral mucosa which cannot be characterized as any other definable white lesion. Floor of the mouth is the are with worst prognosis followed by the tongue and  then Lips. About 50% of the lesions in floor of the mouth show ...Read More

TNM Stages of Cancer Classification

Cancer is most simply described as the uncontrolled division of cells which are not normal in a certain part of the body which later on increases in size and then spreads to various other parts of the body by a process called as Metastasis. A localized tumor or lesion is easy to ...Read More

TMJ Ankylosis – Aetiopatholoy and Causes

Aetiopathology of TMJ Ankylosis is a very vast subject as there can be many direct and indirect causes here we are going to discuss the various Aetiological and pathological causes of TMJ Ankylosis TMJ Ankylosis is the Decrease in mobility of the Temporo mandibular joint either uni lateral or bi lateral which ...Read More

Diagnostic Findings of Condylar Fractures

Condylar Fracture: Fracture of the Condylar Neck or Condylar Head either Unilateral or Bilateral depending on the location of impact or injury which is most commonly on the chin. Radiographic examination is the most important diagnostic procedure to confirm Condylar fracture, but to diagnose condylar fracture clinical features are important to get ...Read More

What are the Supporting Cells of Taste Buds

Taste Buds are the cells or group of cells which help in taste perception. The location of Taste buds is mainly on the inner walls of the trough surrounding the vallate papilla, in the folds of the foliate papillae, on the posterior surface of epiglottis, and on some of the fungiform papillae ...Read More

Condylar Fracture Classifications

What is Condylar Fracture: Fracture of the mandible in the Condylar region which can be due to Direct or indirect contact which can be Unilateral or Bilateral Fracture. Condylar fracture is caused mainly due to Trauma, and the various types of Condylar fractures are caused due to different types of trauma on ...Read More

Tongue falls back in which Mandibular fracture

As a complication of a Fracture involving the Face the Tongue falls backwards and onto the Oropharynx obstructing the Airway. In this type of fracture it is very important to take necessary precautions, as the tongue falls back it obstructs the airway or Oropharynx region which prevents air intake and can lead ...Read More

Drugs and Medicines causing Mucositis or Oral Burns

Mucositis: It is dose and rate limiting toxicity caused due to Cancer Therapy which is a painful and debilitating condition. Symptoms seen are Pain, Decrease in Oral and Pharyngeal function, Oral bleeding. Mucositis starts with an initial inflammatory epithelial and vascular phase. It starts with White patches on mucosa, caused by epithelial ...Read More

What are the Micro organisms found in a Failed Endodontic Treated tooth with Apical Pathology or Apical Periodontitis

An Endodontic Treated tooth with Post operative Apical Periodontitis often is a result of improper BMP during Root Canal Treatment. Only a small number of species of micro organisms have been found in the root canals of  properly endodonticaly treated teeth which in follow up revealed a persisting Asymptomatic periapical radiolucencies. So ...Read More

Drugs causing Taste Disorders – Hypogeusia, Ageusia, Dysgeusia

What is Taste: Taste is the perception of the Taste buds containing taste receptors in the Papilla present on the surface of the tongue, which is transmitted to the brain through nerves. The cells which perceive taste are called taste cells or gustatory cells. Here i want to disapprove a common misconception ...Read More

Drugs Causing Salivary Gland Discoloration, Swelling, Sialorrhoea and Hypersalivation

Salivary Glands are Exocrine Glands which are affected by many Drugs, these drugs affect their function, secretion and Size of the Glands in general or affect Specific Gland. In many cases we see that even in the absense of medication some patients suffer from lack of or Excess saliva secretion and this ...Read More

Drugs Causing Xerostomia or Dry Mouth

Xerostomia or Dry Mouth: It is a decrease in the amount of saliva secreted which leads to dryness of the oral cavity. We cannot call Xerostomia as a Disease or Condition but it should be termed as a Symptom for an underlying disease. Xerostomia – Dry mouth has many causes and identifying ...Read More

Drugs Causing Erythema Multiforme

Erythema Multiforme: It is a Hypersensitivity Skin reaction which is caused due to the deposition of immune complex Immunoglobulins IgM in the superficial Blood vessels of the Skin and Oral Mucous membrane. Erythema Multiforme is divided into E.M Minor and E.M Major and is distinct from Steven Johnsons Syndrome. Most common sites ...Read More

Drugs causing Trigeminal Neuropathy or Neuralgia

Trigeminal Neuropathy or Neuralgia is a condition which is caused when the Trigeminal Nerve is affected leading to loss of functions, tingling sensation, burning sensation and extreme intermittent, shooting pain in the face. Trigeminal nerve sends impulses of touch, pain, pressure and temperature to the brain from the structures surrounding the oral ...Read More